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Epsilon User's Manual and Reference
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      Moving Around
         Simple Movement Commands
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Epsilon User's Manual and Reference > Commands by Topic > Moving Around >

Simple Movement Commands

The most basic commands involve moving point around. Recall from Epsilon's Screen Layout that point refers to the place where editing happens.

The Ctrl-F command moves point forward one character, and Ctrl-B moves it back. Ctrl-A moves to the beginning of the line, and Ctrl-E moves to its end.

Ctrl-N and Ctrl-P move point to the next and previous lines, respectively. They will try to stay in the same column in the new line, but will never expand a line in order to maintain the column; instead they will move to the end of the line (but see below). The key Alt-< moves point before the first character in the buffer, and Alt-> moves point after the last character in the buffer.

You can use the arrow keys if you prefer: the <Right> key moves forward a character, <Left> moves back a character, <Down> moves down a line, and <Up> moves up a line. Most commands bound to keys on the numeric keypad also have bindings on some control or alt key for those who prefer not to use the keypad. Throughout the rest of this chapter, the explanatory text will only mention one of the bindings in such cases; the other bindings will appear in the summary at the end of each section.

By default, pressing <Right> at the end of the line moves to the start of the next line. When you press <Down> at the end of a 60-character line, and the next line only has 10 characters, Epsilon moves the cursor back to column 10. You can change this by setting the buffer-specific virtual-space variable (by default zero). If you set it to one, the <Up> and <Down> keys will stay in the same column, even if no text exists there. If you set it to two, in addition to <Up> and <Down>, the <Right> and <Left> keys will move into places where no text exists, always remaining on the same line of the buffer. Setting virtual-space to two only works correctly on lines longer than the window when Epsilon has been set to scroll long lines (the default), rather than wrapping them (see Horizontal Scrolling). Some commands behave unexpectedly on wrapped lines when virtual-space is two.

When you move past the bottom or top of the screen using <Up> or <Down>, Epsilon scrolls the window by one line, so that point remains at the edge of the window. If you set the variable scroll-at-end (normally 1) to a positive number, Epsilon will scroll by that many lines when <Up> or <Down> would leave the window. Set the variable to 0 if you want Epsilon to instead center the current line in the window.

Standard bindings:

  Ctrl-A, Alt-<Left>  beginning-of-line
 Ctrl-E, Alt-<Right>  end-of-line
 Ctrl-N, <Down>  down-line
 Ctrl-P, <Up>  up-line
 Ctrl-F, <Right>  forward-character
 Ctrl-B, <Left>  backward-character
 Alt-<, Ctrl-<Home>  goto-beginning
 Alt->, Ctrl-<End>  goto-end
 



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